way to govern that they had an assembly named the council of elders, the made up the laws and the ones that choose instead of the people. 172 Certainly, the fact that the Delian League repeatedly campaigned in Cyprus suggests either that the island was not garrisoned by the Allies in 478 BC, or that the garrisons were quickly expelled. 121 Second invasion of Greece (480479 BC) edit Main article: Second Persian essay on indian renaissance invasion of Greece Early 480 BC: Thrace, Macedonia, and Thessaly edit Having crossed into Europe in April 480 BC, the Persian army began its march to Greece, taking 3 months to travel unopposed. Achaemenid Empire and, greek city-states that started in 499 BC i and lasted until 449. "Persia and the Greeks". 180 At the Battle of the Eurymedon in Pamphylia, the Athenians and allied fleet achieved a stunning double victory, destroying a Persian fleet and then landing the ships' marines to attack and rout the Persian army.
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These dynamics will significantly increase the chances of strategic miscalculation or of escalating conflict in the direction of war. 205 iii: Although historically inaccurate, the legend of a Greek messenger running to Athens with news of the victory and then promptly expiring, became the inspiration for this athletics event, introduced at the 1896 Athens Olympics, and originally run between Marathon and Athens. From the Persian perspective, such terms would not be so humiliating as they might at first seem. The monarchy is based in a government ruled by a king or a queen. Darius then began to plan to completely conquer Greece, but died in 486 BC and responsibility for the conquest passed to his son Xerxes. By these terms, the Ionians were still Persian subjects, as they had been. The route to southern Greece ( Boeotia, Attica and the Peloponnesus ) would require the army of Xerxes to travel through the narrow pass of Thermopylae. Struggling to rule the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrants to rule each of them. A b c Herodotus I, 142151 Thucydides I, 12 Snodgrass,. 142 Seizing the opportunity, the Allied fleet attacked, and scored a decisive victory, sinking or capturing at least 200 Persian ships, therefore ensuring the safety of the Peloponnessus. 8 Plutarch criticised Herodotus in his essay "On The Malignity of Herodotus describing Herodotus as " Philobarbaros " (barbarian-lover) for not being pro-Greek enough, which suggests that Herodotus might actually have done a reasonable job of being even-handed. 373376 Thomas Contant,.