essay likens window-unit air conditioners in New York City to weeds in order to spearhead the development of potential design solutions. Oswald Mathias Ungers, chicago à la Carte 48, alvin Boyarsky. The engineering firm Arup presents its thirty-three-square-mile masterplan for Dongtan Eco City, an energy-independent city that China hopes will house half a million people by 2050. Latz Partner's Landscape Park integrates vegetation and industry in an urban park built amongst the monumental ruins of a former steelworks in Duisburg Nord, Germany. But with all the focus on green building there has been little investigation into the meaningful connections between architectural design, ecological systems, and environmentalism. The Architecture of the City. Made in Tokyo 300 Momoyo Kaijima, Junzo Kuroda, Yoshiharu Tsunamoro Index 314. This recasting of the green movement for the twenty-first century transforms design into a positive agent balancing societal values with environmental needs.
Contemporary architects are under increasing pressure to offer a sustainable future. Introduction 8, brian McGrath, fROM THE architecture OF THE city TO metropolitan architecture. Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies. Megalopolis: THE nature OF sprawl, the Territory of Architecture 86, vittorio Gregotti. Brian McGrath, sustainable Megacity Visions from So Paulo 196. Antje Stokman, landscape architect, head of osp urbanelandschaften, Hamburg; professor and director of the Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, Stuttgart University; author, essays on water in urban landscapes, and "sign" (Birkhäuser, 2012). Their design strategies-social, material, and biological-run the gamut from the intuitive to the highly technological. Carlos Leite, frugality and Urban Life 212, may Joseph. Irving Professor of Landscape Architecture and Chair, Department of Landscape Architecture, Harvard Graduate School of Design; editor of The Landscape Urbanism Reader.