account for previously observed phenomena; for example, GR allows for an accurate description of the observed perihelion of Mercury, while psychoanalysis entails that it is possible for people to consistently act in ways that are against their own long-term best interest. Karl Popper: Critical Appraisals. Finally, both of these theories enjoyed significant support among their academic peers when Popper was first writing about these issues.
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The Growth of Human Knowledge For Popper accordingly, the growth of human knowledge proceeds from our problems and from our attempts to solve them. Poppers propensity theory holds that probabilities are objective claims about the mind-independent external world and that it is possible for there to be single-case probabilities for non-recurring events. At an early stage of their marriage they decided that they would never have children, a decision which Popper was able to look back on in later life with apparent equanimity. From this it follows, he holds, that no society can predict, scientifically, its own future states of knowledge. Poppers deductive account of theory testing and adoption posits that it is rational to choose highly informative, well-corroborated theories, even though we have no inductive grounds for thinking that these theories are likely to be true. Amherst: University of Mass. These attempts involve the formulation of theories which, if they are to explain anomalies which exist with respect to earlier theories, must go beyond existing knowledge and therefore require a leap of the imagination. He then seeks a decision as regards these and other derived statements by comparing them with the results of practical applications and experimentation. Whether a man sacrificed his life to rescue a drowning child (a case of sublimation) or whether he murdered the child by drowning (a case of repression) could not possibly be predicted or excluded by Freuds theory. Replies to My Critics and Intellectual Autobiography.
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